General information about the openmvcam

Local filesystem and SD card

There is a small internal filesystem (a drive) on the openmvcam which is stored within the microcontroller’s flash memory.

When the openmvcam boots up, it needs to choose a filesystem to boot from. If there is no SD card, then it uses the internal filesystem as the boot filesystem, otherwise, it uses the SD card. After the boot, the current directory is set to /.

The boot filesystem is used for 2 things: it is the filesystem from which boot.py and main.py files are searched for, and it is the filesystem which is made available on your PC over the USB cable.

The filesystem will be available as a USB flash drive on your PC. You can save files to the drive, and edit boot.py and main.py.

Remember to eject (on Linux, unmount) the USB drive before you reset your pyboard.

Note

The above behavior is different from the pyboard which allows access to the internal file system and SD card at the same time within a script by creating a virtual file system with multiple drives for the internal flash and SD card. The OpenMV Cam’s behavior is different because modern operating systems do not mount the OpenMV Cam’s internal flash drive and/or SD Card as a virtual file system but instead as a block device... meaning that modern operating systems do not see a pyboard’s file system the same way as the pyboard sees it. To avoid this situation we only allow one file system at a time to keep the operating system the OpenMV Cam is attached to and what the OpenMV Cam thinks its file system looks like in sync.

That said, there is another complication. Because modern operating systems mount the OpenMV Cam’s internal flash drive or SD card as a block device they treat it as if it cannot create files itself. Because of this if you create a file onboard your OpenMV Cam in code you must remount the OpenMV Cam after a new file is created for the operating system to rescan the OpenMV Cam to detect the change. Additionally, if both the operating system and the OpenMV Cam are changing files on the file system at the same time the operating system will ignore and overwrite the OpenMV Cam’s changes.

OpenMV reconmends using the internal flash drive or SD card to store assets that will be read by the OpenMV Cam. If you need to saves things to disk make sure you have an SD card (and don’t use the internal flash drive for this as it is quite small). Additionally, if you need to write files to the disk keep note of the above paragraph about a rescan being required.

Boot modes

On powerup, if powered by USB, the OpenMV Cam will run a bootloader program for about 3 seconds which allows OpenMV IDE to update the firmware without using DFU. After 3 seconds then bootloader will exit and then boot.py will run allowing you to change the USB mode before executing main.py. If not powered by USB then boot.py followed by main.py will run immediantly.

Flashing LED Errors

If all colors of the RGB LED are flashing quickly there was a hard fault. Reflash your OpenMV Cam’s firmware to fix this issue. If this does not work your OpenMV Cam may be damaged...